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6 novembre 2017: 1 événement

  • Séminaires Invités

    Lundi 6 novembre 2017 14:00-15:30 - Laurent COURBIN - Institut de Physique de Rennes, CNRS and Université Rennes 1

    Creation and Rupture of Thin Liquid Films : The Generation of Floating and Interfacial Bubbles

    Résumé : Thin liquid films, such as soap films and bubbles, have been studied extensively over the centuries as they impact a wide range of phenomena, in physics, chemistry and engineering.
    Here, we discuss the formation of soap bubbles starting with floating bubbles made by blowing air through a nozzle onto a soap film. We vary film size and thickness, nozzle radius, space between the film and nozzle, and gas density, and we measure the critical air speed above which bubbles are formed. The response is sensitive to the ratio between film and nozzle sizes, and dissipation in the turbulent gas jet which is a function of the distance between film and nozzle. We rationalize the observed four different hydrodynamic regimes by comparing the dynamic pressure exerted by the jet on the film and the Laplace pressure needed to create the curved surface of a bubble.
    We then study the generation of interfacial bubbles − bubbles on a liquid-gas or solid-gas interface. First, we investigate the formation of such bubbles when withdrawing a circular wire ring from a bath of soap solution. The process creates an axisymmetric soap film that becomes unstable above a critical height and collapses to leave a planar film on the ring and an interfacial bubble in contact with the bath. Second, we study the creation of such bubbles when the ring that holds the planar film is moved back into the pool of liquid. Observations show that the entry of the ring in the liquid results in the formation of an interfacial bubble. For both experimental configurations, we measure the size of the produced bubbles, and we rationalize these experiments using simple physical arguments.

    contact : Benjamin Dollet

    Lieu : LIPhy, conference room - 140 Avenue de la Physique 38402 Saint Martin d’Hères

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