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1er avril 2019: 1 événement

  • Séminaires Invités

    Lundi 1er avril 14:00-15:30 - Christophe Raufaste - Institut de Physique de Nice

    The Superpropulsion Effect with Soft Elastic Projectiles and Droplets

    Résumé : The mechanical problem of the ejection of a projectile with a catapult-like engine is not as obvious as we could initially imagine. While rigid projectiles exhibit a regular acceleration phase, the propulsion of soft elastic projectiles requires to solve the whole elastodynamics problem to account for the balance between inertia and elasticity.
    Experiments are performed with both hydrogels and droplets, which are propelled with a catapult. For the droplets, surface tension plays the role of the elastic restoring force. Data show that the ejection velocity depends on both the projectile deformation and the catapult acceleration dynamics. With a matching given by a specific value of the projectile/catapult characteristic times ratio, a 250% kinetic energy gain is obtained as compared to the propulsion of a rigid projectile. A model based on solving the wave equation for the mechanical deformation gives a very good agreement.
    We will discuss several applications : actuation of droplets, sorting of objects according to their elastic properties, impedance-matching for a better ejection of rigid projectiles.



    contact : Benjamin Dollet

    Lieu : LIPhy, conference room - 140 Avenue de la Physique 38402 Saint Martin d’Hères

    En savoir plus : Séminaires Invités